Bjärred is a small community situated at the Swedish west coast and is part of the lively Öresundsregion. The inhabitants like the place: Its calm, green and the ocean is right there. More people want to live here and the new neighbourhood opens up possibilities not only for new residents but also to strengthen and add qualities to the village.
This is the story of the Green Zipper:
Arriving - by car, bus or bike – it seems unclear when one actually gets into the settlement. Spread out groups of houses and poor signage result in unreadable village-entrances.
The placing of gates at the entrances will clarify where the settlement starts and welcomes inhabitants and guests. Bjärred and Borgeby are understood as merging communities. One gate is placed north of Borgeby for traffic coming from/ going to Löddeköpinge/Landskrona, one gate is situated south of Bjärred serving Lomma and the gate “Dammporten” - which lays within the development area – is dedicated to traffic from/to Lund. A fourth gate is planned for the future when a public transport corridor will be established in Bjärred’s northwest which connects to the highway E6. All the gates offer a variety of basic services such as bike-parking, bike rental, bike repair/ workshop, free car parking (car pool solution can be integrated in a later stage), bus stop, toilet and recycling station. The clustering of functions results in a lively meeting place. The gates function as mobility centre where one can change the means of transport. It will be easier to travel by bike and public transport. “Dammporten” gate which is part of the new development offers a big bike workshop and a café to welcome people coming from Lund and Flädie (where the future train station will be placed). Welcome to Bjärred!
Where is the centre of Bjärred and what to do/find there? From the gates paths are leading to the centre. The centre will also be upgraded with functions according to the gates and there are possibilities to add other uses such as a playground or sport facilities and improve existing facilities like the library. The goal is to make the centre more attractive so it becomes a meeting place for everyone. From the centre improved bike and pedestrian paths link to the coast.
Even though Bjärred is located in the countryside with a lot of surrounding greenery there is a lack of accessible green space. Especially in the eastern part of the community where there is also a lack of paths and connections to Borgeby. The project area is set exactly here and can therefore have a big impact on both inhabitants of Borgeby and Bjärred. We focus on linking both communities but keeping the distinct differences and unique qualities.
Stretching from “Dammporten” gate to a future gate in the north-west a new park will be established – the Green Zipper.
With the Green Zipper we introduce an extensive and continuous park that links to the existing green spaces “Domedejla mosse”, “Plommonskogen” and “Otto Pers gård”. It offers a variety of different green qualities like forest, meadows and fields and is directly connected to green spaces outside of the project area.
The topography allows for a continuous blue spine including streams, marshes and ponds finding its way through the Green Zipper. The green corridor offers ecological services (for example storm water management), is a habitat for animals and a recreational space for people. The adjoining farmland towards the east and northwest is visually separated from the park through a colonnade of trees which also helps to define the outline of the settlement and protects from strong winds.
A main path for bikes and pedestrians follows the blue spine though the park. Secondary bike and pedestrian ways cross the main path and connect Borgeby to Bjärred. Additional paths will be established from the gates to the centre and the future train station. This new ways link to the existing bike and pedestrian system. Pedestrian and bikeways will also be given priority when crossing trafficked roads to make it more comfortable to use those modes of transport. Additionally this will help to reduce the barrier feeling at big roads like Österleden or Fjelievägen.
The new neighbourhoods can be reached by motorized traffic but most of the roads will be one direction to leave more space for bikes and pedestrians. Within the residential block areas street parking is provided while parking is solved on each plot in the villa neighbourhoods. The school, the elderly home and the gates get separate parking lots. In regard to public transport new bus stops will be established at the gates on the way into/from Bjärred and a new bus stop will be placed at the “Domedejla”-neighbourhood.
“Dammporten” gate will be established first as besides offering the practical functions it’s also a symbolic new entrance to the village. Besides the buildings hosting different services the entrance offers a wide walkway towards the small pond and the sports centre across Österleden. The two hills in the middle protect the inner area from traffic noise from the adjacent roads Österleden and Fjelievägen. The result is a calm park area that offers seating close by the pond and on the hills. Those hills are shaped with the construction-sites dug out for the new neighbourhoods. This also means that they have the potential to grow and change form while the construction of new buildings is going on. (Diagram 10B)
At the same time the neighbourhood “Plommonåkern” which is located north of the existing roundabout will be established. The high buildings along the main road give the neighbourhood a more urban character whilst protecting the inner part of the quarter against traffic noise and winds. This stage also includes the building of a primary school and an elderly home which are set next to each other and located beside the “Plommonskogen” –forest. The allotment gardens to the east give the inhabitants living in the residential blocks the possibility to have a garden space. Furthermore the small gardens add to a diverse greenery within the park.
“Åkerby” which is located east of the blue spine and is part of Borgeby will be established in the second phase.
The quarter consists of bigger housing next to the main road will the core is made up from smaller scale villa- and row house areas.
The “Domedejla” –neighbourhood complements the new development in the north. Towards the main road in the west the buildings are higher. In the centre they become a bit smaller and form u-shaped courtyards towards the “Domedejlamosse” forest in the south.
The project focuses on clear entrances to the settlement to ease orientation and to offer easier access to different modes of transport. Improving bike and pedestrian movements toward the centre and throughout the village is important to make those modes of transport more enjoyable. The most important feature though is the continuous green space which benefits the people and nature. One should enjoy living in Bjärred!